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The Winter Jasmine

Winter jasmine was a popular flower for the dark cold days of winter, particularly grown near or over doorways and windows where it would be 'all alive and full of golden light' with its generous display of yellow flowers. For…

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The Verbena

The Victorian Verbena hybrida had been obtained by crossing the V. melindres, V. Tweediana, V. incisa and well various other species of South African origin. During to its varied origins, the Victorian garden verbena produced flowers of every colour save…

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Sweet William

Narrow-leaved versions of the Dianthus barbatus were called Sweet Johns and the broad-leaved Sweet Williams. The Sweet William was also historically known as Jove's flower, London pride, tolmeiners and London tufts. Sweet Williams were particularly suited to town gardens -…

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The Sunflower

Gardeners often made the mistake of planting sunflowers in groups, but Hibberd argued strongly that the Victorian garden should have them only as individual specimens, and liberally cultivated so that it obtained a huge size. In America they were cultivated…

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Single Stock (Gillyflower)

The single stock was a member of the gillyflower class of flowers, which also included wallflowers, cloves and carnations. They were grown in the garden in clumps or drifts where their spicy scent was considered to be very refreshing. Stocks…

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Rudbeckia

The Rudbeckia was a 'hardy herbaceous, handsome weedy' thing ... and no garden needed 'more than two or three'. The rudbeckias date back in England to John Tradescant times (early seventeenth century), being an import from the Americas. R. hirta,…

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The Rosy Yarrow (Achillea)

Highly popular in the Victorian flower garden, the Rosy Yarrow, or Achillea aspelnifloria, graced many a flower border (it was distinct from the British Achillea millefolium). Cultivation was relatively simple, the plant requiring only good sun. It could be increased…

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The Rose Campion

The Rose Campion (or Agrostemma coronaria) - distinguished by its hoary leafage, its forked style of growth, the arrangement of its leaves in pairs and its single solitary flower - was a common sight in Victorian gardens. Hibberd adored the…

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The Perpetual Rose

Roses were one of the most popular Victorian flowers. The one depicted here was called the Perpetual Rose, a result of a varied crossing of the China and Bourbon roses. The 'hybrid perpetuals' were believed to be the most useful…

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Purple Clematis

By the late Victorian age there were many hybrids of the clematis available, many based on the Clematis patens, C. lanuginosa, C, viticella and C. Fortunei. Two of the most famous were those raised by Mr. George Jackman in 1858,…

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