Maréchal Niel Rose
This rose commemorates Maréchal Niel who conquered the Malakoff at Sebastopol in 1855, and who was the French Minister of War in 1867.
While highly beautiful, the Maréchal Niel rose was not very hardy and tended to grow well in the Victorian garden only under glass. However, given a south-facing wall and a mild climate, it could do very well. The rose was raised by M. Acetate of Dijon, and was imported into Britain in 1853 (in which case presumably MarÈchal Niel was famous before his great victory of 1855).
For complete success in raising the Maréchal Niel rose a spacious house and deep border were necessary. It needed free warren in a rich deep soil for its roots to forage and, if under glass, sufficient room to have free ventilation. It should never be exposed to frost. While it could be forced for an early bloom, care had to be taken not to expose it to too great a heat (in which case the rose suffered a plague of insects and mildew).
The Maréchal Niel was generally grafted on to Manetti stock.
In pruning, Hibberd recommended that the rose should be left at its full length, only pruning long rods as they became exhausted.
Information and image taken from F. Edward Hulme and Shirley Hibberd, Familiar Garden Flowers (Cassell, Peter, Galpin and Co.: London: c. 1890), 5 vols.